Being labeled as a ‘smart city’ is an excellent branding tool in global cities, inspiring other cities to follow and join the growing phenomenon of forward-thinking. Although the term ‘smart city’ is difficult to define, the underlying concept highlights the importance of capturing and using rapidly evolving technologies to create smart economies, transportation, energy, and networks. Equally as important, smart cities work to make the city more efficient, sustainable, and can lead to long-term cost-saving (Karvonen, Cugurullo, & Caprotti, 2019). The difference between the definition of smart cities and other terms such as sustainable cities, green cities, etc., is that smart cities are wired cities using technology to provide services for different ways of living that also benefit the environment. Common themes in trying to define smart cities include new approaches towards efficiency, and the ability to remain spontaneous and adaptable (Townsend, 2013).